The Different Types of Pest Control

Pests can cause a variety of problems for home and business owners. They can ruin food, damage property and even spread disease. Pests can be difficult to eliminate and need to be dealt with quickly and effectively in order to prevent their return. Pest control involves a range of methods, including traps, bait stations, insecticide sprays and extermination techniques. A Diamond Pest Control specialist will inspect the property and home to identify the problem. They will look under, around and on top of areas where pests are most likely to hide. The inspector will also determine the best method of pest control for your situation.

Physical pest control aims to deter or remove pests by blocking their entry into your property. This can include installing insect screens, repairing cracks and gaps and eliminating their harborage areas. It also includes taking away their breeding ground by regularly removing debris and water-holding containers. Eliminating places where they can hide, such as densely grown foliage and reducing clutter are also part of this type of management.

Chemical pest control relies on killing the pests using chemicals. This can be accomplished with a variety of methods such as dusting, soil injection, drenching or spraying. Pest control professionals use the least amount of chemicals necessary to solve the pest problem and exercise caution when working with chemicals. The goal is to kill the pests without harming humans, animals or plants.

Biological pest control relies on the natural enemies of the pest to control them instead of poisons. It can be done by introducing predators or parasites to control the pest populations. For example, ladybugs can be used to eliminate aphids. Beneficial nematodes can also be introduced to the soil to help suppress pests that are harmful to crops.

Plant diseases may be caused by microorganisms that are beneficial to the plant or by pathogens that are harmful to the plant. Disease organisms need the proper conditions to thrive and so can be controlled by managing the environment in which the plant grows.

Mice and rats are rodents that are known to destroy furnishings, chew wiring which can be a fire hazard, and spread several diseases including hantavirus, leptospirosis, salmonella, lymphocytic choriomeningitis LCMV and plague. They are also known to transmit fleas that can bite people and pets and cause severe itching.

Integrated pest management or IPM is a form of pest control that takes into account the whole habitat and food chain where the pests live and breed. This is in contrast to traditional pest control, which focuses on eliminating the pests as quickly as possible. It is also in keeping with sustainable agriculture practices that are designed to minimize environmental impact. For example, the IPM approach can involve modifying growing or harvesting practices to reduce the need for pesticides. It can also involve the introduction of natural enemies to the pest population to deter them, such as birds, mammals and other insects that prey on the pests.